Reagents are substances that are used in chemical reactions to produce a desired result. They are typically added to a chemical reaction in small amounts to catalyze or facilitate the reaction, or to test for the presence of a particular substance.
With so many different types of reagents, we thought it best to explain in further detail which are used for what purpose. This includes scientific research, industrial processes, and medical testing. Some common examples of reagents include:
- Acid-base indicators: These are used to determine the pH of a solution by changing color in the presence of an acid or a base.
- Enzymes: These are proteins that catalyze chemical reactions in living organisms. They are commonly used in medical diagnostic tests, such as blood glucose test strips.
- Chromogenic reagents: These are used to visualize and quantify specific substances, such as proteins or nucleic acids, in a sample.
- Redox reagents: These are used to oxidize or reduce a substance in a chemical reaction.
- Fluorescent dyes: These are used to label and visualize specific molecules or structures in a sample, such as in fluorescence microscopy.
Reagents are an important tool in a wide range of applications which then play a key role in facilitating chemical reactions that enable the detection and analysis of specific substances.